Ageratum conyzoides L

Family: Asteraceae


Family Synonyms

Common Names

Monipuizza Kher (Chakma); Achunai, Chunachu appa (Marma); Submenum (Tipra); Appa Grass, Goat weed (English).

Local Availability

In fallow lands, throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Tropical America, especially Brazil, and considered an invasive weed in many other regions.

Botanical Description 27

Ageratum conyzoides l. is 30-60 cm high, an erect, annual, foetid herb. Leaves broadly ovate, crenate, hairy. Inflorescence a terminal corymb; flowers pale blue, in small head.

Common Ethnobotanical Use 28

A. conyzoides L. is used as purgative, febrifuge, for ophthalmia, colic, treatment of ulcers, and wound dressing. Leaves are styptic and antiseptic; applied to wounds and cuts for quick healing and prevent tetanus; applied to boils as a poultice. As a fomentation the leaves and stems are used in skin diseases. Fresh juice of the leaves is used by the tribal of Chittagong Hill Tracts for treating jaundice. The leaves are used for application on cuts, sores, anti-inflammatory agent, haemostatic, in headache, skin diseases, in typhoid, in malarial fever, in wound healing and leucorrhoea. Poultice of the boiled leaf paste is used for headache. Roots and leaves are considered antidysenteric. Plant juice is used to cure fever.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
LimoneneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
1,8-CineoleLeaf; Aerial1, 2
LinaloolLeaf; Aerial1, 2
alpha-TerpineolLeaf; Aerial1, 17
EugenolLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-Caryophyllene Leaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15, 16, 17
StigmasterolStem; Leaf; Aerial9, 10, 20
Hexadecanoic acid22
beta-sitosterolStem; Leaf; Aerial9, 10, 20
Linoleic acid22
beta-FarneseneLeaf; Seed; Aerial1, 15, 19
NerolidolSeed; Aerial15, 17
Octadecanoic acid22
delta-CadineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-BisaboleneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
SabineneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
CamphorAerial2, 17
beta-BourboneneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-ElemeneLeaf; Seed1, 15
alpha-HumuleneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
Germacrene DLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
SpathulenolLeaf; Aerial1, 17
Caryophyllene oxideLeaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15
Linolenic acid22
Oleic acid22
Caffeic acid22
beta-PineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
alpha-PineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-SesquiphellandreneAerial2, 17
AgeratochromeneLeaf; Aerial; Whole Plant; Seed1, 2, 3, 8, 15, 16, 21
beta-Caryophyllene oxideLeaf16
6-Vinyl-7-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl chromeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2
DemethylencecalinLeaf; Seed1, 15
2-(1'-oxo-2'-methylpropyl)-2-Methyl-6,7-dimethoxychromeneWhole Plant3
2-(2'-methylethyl)-5,6-DimethoxybenzofuranWhole Plant3
Linderoflavone BAerial; Whole Plant3, 7
5,6,7,3',4',5'-HexamethoxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
EupalestinAerial; Whole Plant; Stem; Leaf4, 7, 10, 18
NobiletinAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
5,6,7,5'-Tetramethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
SinensetinAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
5,6,7,8,3',5'-Hexamethoxy-4'-hydroxyflavoneWhole Plant7
LycopsamineWhole Plant14
EchinatineWhole Plant14
Aurantiamide acetate13
Fumaric acid22
(Z)-12-(6-methyl)-Heptadecenoic acidWhole Plant12
Hexadecenoic acid22
Aspartic acid22
5,6,7,8,3’,4’,5’-HeptamethoxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant; Stem; Leaf4, 7, 11, 18
Cyanic acid23
Precocene ILeaf; Whole Plant; Stem; Seed; Aerial1, 3, 8, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21
alpha-CubebeneLeaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15
Fenchyl acetateSeed; Leaf15, 16
Bornyl formateSeed; Aerial15, 17
CampheneAerial; Seed2, 15, 17
alpha-MuuroleneSeed; Aerial15, 17
MyrceneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
beta-PhellandreneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
p-CymeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
TerpinoleneLeaf; Aerial1, 17, 19
(Z)-3-Hexenyl acetateAerial17
(Z)-3-HexenolAerial2, 17
alpha-CopaeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
cis-Sabinene hydrateLeaf; Aerial1, 17
Bornyl acetateAerial; Leaf2, 16, 17
alpha-BergamoteneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
gamma-ElemeneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
alpha-ThujeneLeaf; Aerial1, 19
Santolina alcoholAerial19
cis-beta-OcimeneLeaf; Aerial1, 19
3-(2'-methyl-propyl)-2-methyl-6,8-dimethoxy-chrom-4-oneWhole Plant3
2-(2'-methylprop-2'-enyl)-2-methyl-6,7-dimethoxy-chroman-4-oneWhole Plant3

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Ethanol; Petroleum Ether; Ethyl Acetate; Butanol; Aqueous Leukemia 24
Hydroalcohol Antiinflammatory 25
Whole Plant
Hydroalcohol Analgesic 26


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