Impatiens balsamina L. 

Family: Balsaminaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Dupati, Dopatta (Bengali), Feng xian hua (Chinese), Miramelindo (Spanish), Gul mehendi (Urdu), Garden Balsam (English)

Local Availability

Cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Southern Asia in India and Burma

Botanical Description 29

Kamantigi is an erect, annual, branched and succulent herb, in length 1 meter high. Leaves are somewhat pubechent or glabrous and smooth. Leaves are 3 to 5 centimeters long, to some extent pubescent o

Common Ethnobotanical Use 30

Flowers are cooling and tonic; used for lumbago, inter-costal neuralgia, burns and scalds. Plant is emetic, cathartic and diuretic; used for pains in the joints. Powdered seeds are useful for difficult labour.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosidePetal; Aerial1, 11
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneFlower19
MyricetinFlower4, 19
QuercetinPetal; Flower1, 4, 19
Vanillic acidFlower5
MethylparabenFlower5
trans-p-Coumaric acidFlower5
p-Hydroxybenzoic acidFlower5
4-HydroxyphenylethanolFlower5
RutinFlower4
KaempferolPetal; Flower1, 3, 4
Protocatechuic acidFlower5
NicotiflorinFlower4, 14
DihydromyricetinPetal1, 4
SpinasterolRoot18
HydroquinoneFlower5
Kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucopyranoside Petal; Flower1, 3, 4
Quercetin-3-glucosideStem10
Ferulic acidFlower5
Kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucosideStem10
6,8-dimethoxy-7-hydroxycoumarinRoot; Flower18, 19
Kaempferol-3-rhamnosyldiglucosidePetal17
Kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-allopyranosidePetal1
ImpatienolateCorolla2
BalsaminolateCorolla2
ImpatienolCorolla2
Kaempferol-3-(p-coumaroyl)glucosideFlower3
2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinoneFlower; Pericarp; Root; Leaf5, 6, 9, 18, 15
(3S,4R)-3,4-Dihydroxy-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2H)-oneFlower5
Balsaminone BFlower; Pericarp6, 9
2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinoneFlower; Root; Leaf7, 14, 18, 15
Balsaminone APericarp9
Hosenkoside LSeed12
Hosenkoside MSeed12
Hosenkoside NSeed12
Hosenkoside OSeed12
Hosenkoside ASeed16
Hosenkoside BSeed16
Hosenkoside CSeed16
Hosenkoside DSeed16
Hosenkoside ESeed16
2,3-Dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinonePericarp20
2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinonePericarp20
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-rhamnoside-7,4-di-O-beta-galactosideFlower4
trans-(3S,4S)-3,4-Dihydroxy-1-tetraloneFlower5
4,4'-BiisofraxidinRoot13
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside Petal1
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosidePetal1
Quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosidePetal1
2-hydroxy-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,4-naphthoquinonePericarp20
2,2'-methylenebis(3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone)Leaf; Root15, 18
Balsamiside APetal1
Balsamiside BPetal1
Balsamiside CPetal1
Balsamiside DPetal1
Kaempferol-3-glucosyl rhamnosideFlower3
2-O-(4-Hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetic acidFlower4
Methyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Ethyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Butoxy 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Butoxy 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4,6-dihydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
(6-O-P-Coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetate.Flower4
4-O-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-2,6-dihydroxyphenylacetic acidFlower4
1,2-O-(4-Dihydroxy-benzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid Flower4
Methyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
6-Methoxykaemferol-3-O-beta-D-glucosyl(1‴ → 2″)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(6‴-(E)-caffeoyl)-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside Flower4
BalsamitrilFlower5
Balsamitril-3-O-beta-D-glucosideFlower5
Balsaminone DFlower6
Balsaminone EFlower6
Quercetin-3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnose-(1→2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideSeed8
Quercetin-3-O-[(6"'-O-caffeoyl)-alpha-L-rhamnose-(1→2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideSeed8
1alpha,2alpha-diol-4alpha-ethoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthaleneStem10
1alpha,2alpha,4beta-triol-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthaleneStem10

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Aerial
Ethanol Antifungal 22
Ethanol Antibacterial 22
Flower
Ethanol Antidiabetic 4
Methanol Neuroprotective 5
Leaf
Aqueous Analgesic 25
Petal
Ethanol Antianaphylactic 28
Seed
Oil Anthelmintic 24
Stem
Organic Antibacterial 23
Whole Plant
Ethanol Cervical Cancer 21
Ethanol Prostate Cancer 27

References

  • 1 Kim, C.S., Bae, M., Oh, J., Subedi, L., Suh, W.S., Choi, S.Z., Son, M.W., Kim, S.Y., Choi, S.U. and Oh, D.-C. (2017) Anti-neurodegenerative biflavonoid glycosides from impatiens balsamina. Journal of natural products, 80, 471-478.
  • 2 Oku, H. and Ishiguro, K. (2002) Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitory 1, 4-naphthoquinones from Impatiens balsamina L. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 25, 658-660.
  • 3 Hua, L., Peng, Z., Chia, L.S., Goh, N.K. and Tan, S.N. (2001) Separation of kaempferols in Impatiens balsamina flowers by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 909, 297-303.
  • 4 Li, Q., Zhang, X., Cao, J., Guo, Z., Lou, Y., Ding, M. and Zhao, Y. (2015) Depside derivatives with anti-hepatic fibrosis and anti-diabetic activities from Impatiens balsamina L. flowers. Fitoterapia, 105, 234-239.
  • 5 Kim, C.S., Subedi, L., Kim, S.Y., Choi, S.U., Choi, S.Z., Son, M.W., Kim, K.H. and Lee, K.R. (2015) Two new phenolic compounds from the white flower of Impatiens balsamina. Phytochemistry Letters, 14, 215-220.
  • 6 Li, Q., Guo, Z., Wang, K., Zhang, X., Lou, Y. and Zhao, Y.-q. (2015) Two new 1, 4-naphthoquinone derivatives from Impatiens balsamina L. flowers. Phytochemistry Letters, 14, 8-11.
  • 7 Glennie, C.W. and Bohm, B.A. (1965) The isolation of 2-hydroxy-1, 4-naphthoquinone from Impatiens balsamina L.(Balsaminaceae). Canadian journal of biochemistry, 43, 293-295.
  • 8 Lei, J., Qian, S.-H. and Jiang, J.-Q. (2010) Two new flavone glycosides from the seeds of Impatiens balsamina L. Journal of Asian natural products research, 12, 1033-1037.
  • 9 Ishiguro, K., Ohira, Y. and Oku, H. (1998) Antipruritic dinaphthofuran-7, 12-dione derivatives from the pericarp of Impatiens balsamina. Journal of natural products, 61, 1126-1129.
  • 10 Chen, X.M., Qian, S.H. and Feng, F. (2010) Two new tetrahydronaphthalenes from the stem of Impatiens balsamina L. Chinese Chemical Letters, 21, 440-442.
  • 11 Szewczyk, K., Zidorn, C., Biernasiuk, A., Komsta, Ł. and Granica, S. (2016) Polyphenols from Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Industrial Crops and Products, 86, 262-272.
  • 12 Shoji, N., Umeyama, A., Yoshikawa, K., Nagai, M. and Arihara, S. (1994) Baccharane glycosides from seeds of Impatiens balsamina. Phytochemistry, 37, 1437-1441.
  • 13 Panichayupakaranant, P., Noguchi, H. and De-Eknamkul, W. (1998) A new biscoumarin from Impatiens balsamina root cultures. Planta medica, 64, 774-775.
  • 14 Oku, H. and Ishiguro, K. (2001) Antipruritic and antidermatitic effect of extract and compounds of Impatiens balsamina L. in atopic dermatitis model NC mice. Phytotherapy Research, 15, 506-510.
  • 15 Sakunphueak, A. and Panichayupakaranant, P. (2012) Comparison of antimicrobial activities of naphthoquinones from Impatiens balsamina. Natural product research, 26, 1119-1124.
  • 16 Shoji, N., Umeyama, A., Saitou, N., Yoshikawa, K., Kan, Y. and Arihara, S. (1994) Hosenkosides A, B, C, D, and E, novel baccharane glycosides from the seeds of Impatiens balsamina. Tetrahedron, 50, 4973-4986.
  • 17 Fukumoto, H., Ishiguro, K., Murashima, T., Yamaki, M. and Isoi, K. (1994) Structure determination of a kaempferol 3-rhamnosyldiglucoside from Impatiens balsamina. Phytochemistry, 37, 1486-1488.
  • 18 Panjchayupakaranant, P., Noguchi, H., De-Eknamkul, W. and Sankawa, U. (1995) Naphthoquinones and coumarins from Impatiens balsamina root cultures. Phytochemistry, 40, 1141-1143.
  • 19 Clevenger, S. (1958) The flavonols of Impatiens balsamina L. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 76, 131-138.
  • 20 Oku, H., Kato, T. and Ishiguro, K. (2002) Antipruritic effects of 1, 4-naphthoquinones and related compounds. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 25, 137-139.
  • 21 Baskar, N., Devi, B.P. and Jayakar, B. (2012) ANTICANCER STUDIES ON ETHANOL EXTRACT OF IMPATIENS BALSAMINA. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 3.
  • 22 Yang, X., Summerhurst, D.K., Koval, S.F., Ficker, C., Smith, M.L. and Bernards, M.A. (2001) Isolation of an antimicrobial compound from Impatiens balsamina L. using bioassay‐guided fractionation. Phytotherapy Research, 15, 676-680.
  • 23 Su, B.L., Zeng, R., Chen, J.Y., Chen, C.Y., Guo, J.H. and Huang, C.G. (2012) Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of various solvent extracts from Impatiens balsamina L. stems. Journal of food science, 77.
  • 24 Jalalpure, S., Alagawadi, K., Mahajanashetti, C., Shah, B., Singh, V. and Patil, J. (2007) In vitro anthelmintic property of various seed oils against Pheritima posthuma. Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 69, 158.
  • 25 Debashree, N., Subhalakshmi, A., Rita, S. and Pfuzia, A. (2013) Study of Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Impatiens balsamina leaves in albino Rats. Int J Pharm Bio Sci, 4, 581-587.
  • 26 Ishiguro, K., Fukumoto, H., Murashima, T., Kuriyama, M., Semma, M. and Isoi, K. (1992) Antianaphylactic effects of the ethanolic extract from the petals of Impatiens balsamina L. in mice. Phytotherapy Research, 6, 112-113.
  • 27 Wang, T., Cai, Y., Song, W., Chen, R., Hu, D., Ye, J., Liu, L., Peng, W., Zhang, J. and Wang, S. (2017) Ethyl Acetate Extracts of Semen Impatientis Inhibit Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis of Human Prostate Cancer Cell Lines through AKT/ERK Pathways. BioMed Research International, 2017.
  • 28 shiguro, K., Fukumoto, H., Murashima, T., Kuriyama, M., Semma, M. and Isoi, K. (1992) Antianaphylactic effects of the ethanolic extract from the petals of Impatiens balsamina L. in mice. Phytotherapy Research, 6, 112-113.
  • 29 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 30 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.