Impatiens balsamina L. 

Family: Balsaminaceae


Family Synonyms

Common Names

Dupati, Dopatta (Bengali), Feng xian hua (Chinese), Miramelindo (Spanish), Gul mehendi (Urdu), Garden Balsam (English)

Local Availability

Cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Southern Asia in India and Burma

Botanical Description 29

Kamantigi is an erect, annual, branched and succulent herb, in length 1 meter high. Leaves are somewhat pubechent or glabrous and smooth. Leaves are 3 to 5 centimeters long, to some extent pubescent o

Common Ethnobotanical Use 30

Flowers are cooling and tonic; used for lumbago, inter-costal neuralgia, burns and scalds. Plant is emetic, cathartic and diuretic; used for pains in the joints. Powdered seeds are useful for difficult labour.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosidePetal; Aerial1, 11
MyricetinFlower4, 19
QuercetinPetal; Flower1, 4, 19
Vanillic acidFlower5
trans-p-Coumaric acidFlower5
p-Hydroxybenzoic acidFlower5
KaempferolPetal; Flower1, 3, 4
Protocatechuic acidFlower5
NicotiflorinFlower4, 14
DihydromyricetinPetal1, 4
Kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucopyranoside Petal; Flower1, 3, 4
Ferulic acidFlower5
6,8-dimethoxy-7-hydroxycoumarinRoot; Flower18, 19
Kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-allopyranosidePetal1
2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinoneFlower; Pericarp; Root; Leaf5, 6, 9, 18, 15
Balsaminone BFlower; Pericarp6, 9
2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinoneFlower; Root; Leaf7, 14, 18, 15
Balsaminone APericarp9
Hosenkoside LSeed12
Hosenkoside MSeed12
Hosenkoside NSeed12
Hosenkoside OSeed12
Hosenkoside ASeed16
Hosenkoside BSeed16
Hosenkoside CSeed16
Hosenkoside DSeed16
Hosenkoside ESeed16
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-rhamnoside-7,4-di-O-beta-galactosideFlower4
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside Petal1
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosidePetal1
Quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosidePetal1
2,2'-methylenebis(3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone)Leaf; Root15, 18
Balsamiside APetal1
Balsamiside BPetal1
Balsamiside CPetal1
Balsamiside DPetal1
Kaempferol-3-glucosyl rhamnosideFlower3
2-O-(4-Hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetic acidFlower4
Methyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Ethyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Butoxy 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
Butoxy 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-4,6-dihydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
4-O-beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-2,6-dihydroxyphenylacetic acidFlower4
1,2-O-(4-Dihydroxy-benzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid Flower4
Methyl 2-O-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetateFlower4
6-Methoxykaemferol-3-O-beta-D-glucosyl(1‴ → 2″)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(6‴-(E)-caffeoyl)-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside Flower4
Balsaminone DFlower6
Balsaminone EFlower6

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Ethanol Antifungal 22
Ethanol Antibacterial 22
Ethanol Antidiabetic 4
Methanol Neuroprotective 5
Aqueous Analgesic 25
Ethanol Antianaphylactic 28
Oil Anthelmintic 24
Organic Antibacterial 23
Whole Plant
Ethanol Cervical Cancer 21
Ethanol Prostate Cancer 27


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