Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.

Family: Sapindaceae


Dodonaea angustifolia L.; Ptelea viscosa L.

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Paniaphul (Bengali), Aliar (Bengali), Dods (Engl.), Giant hopbush (Engl.), Hopbush (Engl.), Hopseed (Engl.), Hopseed bush (Engl.), Sticky hopbush (Engl.), Switch-sorrel (Engl.)

Local Availability

Sylhet and Dinajpur

Worldwide Availability

Tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia

Botanical Description 30

Growing from 1.5 to 4 metres tall, Dodonaea viscosa is a shrub, rarely a small tree. Leaves are alternate, generally obovate but some of them are lanceolate, 4.0-12 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide, with entire

Common Ethnobotanical Use 31

Bark decoction drunk to treat dysentery. Fruit and bark used to treat diarrhea. Decoction of bark used as effective astringent for humid eczema and simple ulcers. Decoction of bark and wood also considered a good febrifuge. The leaves and young stems are anodyne, antipruritic, astringent, diaphoretic, febrifuge , odontalgic and vulnerary. They are applied internally in the treatment of fevers, sore throats, digestive system disorders, including indigestion, ulcers, diarrhoea and constipation. The leaves are apparently effective in the treatment of toothache if they are chewed without swallowing the juice. Powdered leaves are used in burns and scalds; to expel roundworms; applied over wounds to heal. Infusion of the leaves is used as a sudorific. The sour and bitter leaves are chewed for its stimulant effect, like coca leaves. leaves are used as poultice. the aromatic leaves and fruits are used in bath preparations; lotion used as astringent. Leaves used in treatment of rheumatism, gout, hemorrhoids, fractures, and snake bites also used for fevers and to reduce swelling. Chewed leaf pulp is used as binding wads for jelly fish and stonefish stings; juice from prepared wads used as antiseptic. Smoked leafy branches used for flu-like fever and body aches, and for loosening phlegm. leaves used by women to become sterile; leaves rubbed over the womb after having eaten Colocacia antiquorum or Ipomoea batatas. Heated leaves made into a poultice for boils and sores. Essential oils and extracts obtained from the leaves have been shown to exhibit antibacterial and hypotensive activities. A decoction of the subsp. D. Viscosa angustifolia is used as a mild purgative.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Methyl hexadecanoateStem6
Vanillic acidAerial; Stem1, 6
2-Methoxy-4-methyl phenolStem6
2,6-Dimethoxy PhenolStem6
4-allyl syringolStem6
Phenylacetic acidLeaf7
Kaempferol-4'-methyl etherLeaf9
SantinAerial; Leaf1, 2, 3, 9
Kaempferol 3-methyl etherAerial1, 4, 5
PinocembrinAerial1, 3, 4, 2
Hautriwaic lactoneAerial1
6beta-Hydroxy-15,16-epoxy-5beta,8b,9beta,10alpha-cleroda-3,13(16),14-trien-18-oic acidAerial1
Nebrodenside AAerial1
Docosyl caffeateAerial1
5,7-Dihydroxy-3'-(3-hydroxymethylbutyl)-3,6,4'-trimethoxyflavoneLeaf7, 2, 3
Kaempferol 7-O-methyl ether4
Quercetin 3'-O-methyl ether4
5,7,4'-Trihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavoneAerial; Leaf4, 2, 8, 3, 9
5,7-Dihydroxy 3,6,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone4
5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-(3-hyroxymethylbutyl)-3,6-dimethoxyflavoneAerial10, 2
5,7,4'-Trihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxy-3'-isoprenyl-flavone Aerial10
Dodonaeaside ARoot11
Dodonaeaside BRoot11
Dodoviscin AAerial5
Dodoviscin BAerial5
Dodoviscin DAerial5
Dodoviscin EAerial5
Dodoviscin FAerial5
Dodoviscin GAerial5
Dodoviscin HAerial5
Dodoviscin IAerial5
Dodoviscin JAerial5
5,7,4'-Trihydroxy-3',5'-bis(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-3,6-dimethoxyflavoneAerial5, 12
5,7,4'-Trihydroxy-3'-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutyl)-5'-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-3,6-dimethyoxyflavoneAerial5, 12
PenduletinAerial8, 2
Hautriwaic acidLeaf13
5-Hydroxy-3,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavoneAerial2, 3
Dodonic acidAerial15
Methyl dodonate ALeaf16
Methyl dodonate BLeaf16
Methyl dodonate CLeaf16
DodonolideLeaf; Aerial16, 12
Methyl dodovisate AAerial12
Methyl dodovisate BAerial12
(+)-Hardwickiic acidAerial12
Strictic acidAerial12
6-Hydroxykaempferol-3,7-dimethyl etherAerial17
R1-barrigenolStem Bark18
Carbonic acid,octadecyl 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esterStem6
Docosanoic acid,methyl esterStem6
Heneicosanoic acid,18-propyl-,methylesterStem6
Dodoviscin CAerial5
2,18-Dihydroxylabda-7,13(E)-dien-15-oic acidAerial8
2,17-Dihydroxylabda-7,13(E)-dien-15-oic acidAerial8
2-Hydroxylabda-7,13(E)-dien-15-oic acidAerial8
5alpha-Hydroxy-1,2-dehydro-5,10-dihydroprintzianic acid methyl esterAerial12
[ent-15,16-Epoxy-9alphaH-labda-l3(16), 14-diene-3beta,8alpha-diolAerial17
13,14 Dihydroxy-15,16 dimethoxy-(-)-6alpha-hydroxy-5alpha,8alpha,9alpha,10alpha-cleroda-3-en-18-oic acidAerial3
(-)-6alpha-Hydroxy-5alpha, 8alpha, 9alpha,10alpha-cleroda-3,13-dien-16,15-olid-18-oic acidAerial3
JagosapogenolStem Bark18

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Ethanol Antibacterial 23
Water; Ethanol; Hexane Antiulcerant 24
Ethyl Acetate Antiulcerant 25
Water; Ethanol Antidiabetic 26
Ethanol Breast Cancer 20
Dichloromethane; Acetone Antibacterial 22
Methanol Ovarian Cancer 29
Ethanol Anticonvulsant 27
Ethanol Analgesic 27
Ethanol; Chloroform CNS Depressant 28
Seed; Leaf
Chloroform Antifungal 21


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