Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medic.

Family: Malvaceae

Synonyms

Hibiscus abelmoschus L.

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Mushakdana (Bengali), Kalokasturi (Bengali), Musk mallow (English), Fluma Wai (Marma)

Local Availability

Sylhet, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Northern districts in fallow lands and forest outskirts.

Worldwide Availability

India, Philippine, China

Botanical Description 11

Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medic is a tall in size, annual. The stem clothed with long hairs. Leaves are lowering ovate, polymorphous, roundish-angled or acute. The upper leaves are hairy on both surf

Common Ethnobotanical Use 12

Seed are known have wide range of therapeutic activity, are stimulant, diuretic, carminative, demulcent, antispasmodic, tonic and stomachic; rubbed to paste with milk known to cure scabies. Leaves and root effective in gonorrhea and venereal disease.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
MethylpyrazineSeed3
2,5-DimethylpyrazineSeed3
2,6-DimethylpyrazineSeed3
EthylpyrazineSeed3
2-Ethyl-3-methylpyrazineSeed3
2-Methyl-6-vinylpyrazineSeed3
LimoneneSeed5
1,8-CineoleSeed5
2-AcetylpyrroleSeed3
2,5-Dimethyl-3-ethylpyrazineSeed3
LinaloolSeed5
NonanalSeed5
alpha-TerpineolSeed5
2-(2'-furyl)PyrazineSeed3
Octyl butanoateSeed1
beta-Caryophyllene Seed5
OctadecaneSeed5
NonadecaneSeed5
HeneicosaneSeed5
2,3-DimethylpyrazineSeed3
2,6-DiethylpyrazineSeed3
3,5-Diethyl-2-methylpyrazineSeed3
Hexadecanoic acidSeed1
Uridine4
OctanolSeed1
Hexyl propionateSeed1
Decan-2-oneSeed1
Dodec-1-eneSeed1
DecanolSeed1
Nonanoic acidSeed1
(2E,4Z)-DecadienalSeed1
(2E,4E)-DecadienalSeed1
Linoleic acidSeed1
Tetradec-1-eneSeed1
Decyl acetateSeed1
Octyl 2-methylbutyrateSeed1
GeranylacetoneSeed1
beta-FarneseneSeed1
DodecanolSeed1
Decyl propionateSeed1
NerolidolSeed1
Dodecenyl acetateSeed1
(E)-octadec-9-enoic acidSeed1
Dodecyl acetateSeed1
(Z)-Octadec-9-en-18-olideSeed1
(2Z,6E)-FarnesolSeed1
(2E,6E)-FarnesolSeed1
(Z)-Tetradec-5-en-14-olideSeed1
Ethyl linoleateSeed1
Tetradecenyl acetateSeed1
(2Z,6E)-Farnesyl acetateSeed1
(2E,6E)-Farnesyl acetateSeed1
(Z)-Hexadec-7-en-16-olideSeed1
Octadecanoic acidSeed1
Ethyl hexadecanoateSeed1
Ethyl (E)-octadec-9-enoateSeed1
Methyl linoleateSeed1
Methyl (E)-octadec-9-enoateSeed1
MyricetinAerial2
4,5-dimethylthiazoleSeed3
2-ethyl-6-methylpyrazineSeed3
2,4,5-trimethylthiazoleSeed3
2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazineSeed3
2,3,5-trimethylpyrazineSeed3
2-formyl pyrroleSeed3
2-propylpyrazineSeed3
2-acetylthiazoleSeed3
2-acetylpyridineSeed3
4-ethyl-2,5-dimethylthiazoleSeed3
2-isopropenylpyrazineSeed3
2-ethyl-4,5-dimethylthiazoleSeed3
2,3-dimethyl-5-ethylpyrazineSeed3
1-(3-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)ethanoneSeed3
2,5-diethylpyrazineSeed3
2-methyl-3-propylpyrazineSeed3
2-methylthiopyridineSeed3
2-acetyl-6-methylpyridineSeed3
4,5-dimethyl-2-isopropylthiazoleSeed3
1-(2-pyridinyl)-1-propanoneSeed3
2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazineSeed3
1-(3-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2-yl)ethanoneSeed3
2-acetyl-3-ethylpyrazineSeed3
2,6-dimethyl-3-propylpyrazineSeed3
2-methyl-5(1-propenyl)pyrazineSeed3
CaffeineSeed3
5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoxalineSeed3
1-(3-hydroxy-5-methylpyridin-2-yl)ethanoneSeed3
2-isobutyl-4,5-dimethylthiazoleSeed3
2,5-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrazineSeed3
QuinolineSeed3
1-(6-ethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)ethanoneSeed3
2-benzylpyridineSeed3
3-phenylpyridineSeed3
2-methylquinoxalineSeed3
1-(3-hydroxy-5,6-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)ethanone Seed3
2,5-dimethyl-3-(3-methylbutyl)pyrazineSeed3
4-methylquinolineSeed3
8-methylquinolineSeed3
5-methylquinoxalineSeed3
8-hydroxyquinolineSeed3
6-methylquinolineSeed3
delta-CadineneSeed5
trans-gamma-cadineneSeed5
beta-BisaboleneSeed5
(E,E)-alpha-farneseneSeed5
gamma-PatchouleneSeed5
SabineneSeed5
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-oneSeed5
Benzyl alcoholSeed5
gamma-TerpineneSeed5
n-UndecaneSeed5
Isopentyl 2-methylbutanoateSeed5
CamphorSeed5
MentholSeed5
4-TerpineolSeed5
NaphthaleneSeed5
Methyl salicylateSeed5
Hexyl butanoateSeed5
n-DodecaneSeed5
DecanalSeed5
Hexanoic acid,2-methylbutyl esterSeed5
CarvoneSeed5
Hexyl 3-methylbutanoateSeed5
GeraniolSeed5
Linalool acetateSeed5
(E)-2-decenalSeed5
2-Butyl-1-octanolSeed5
Isobornyl acetateSeed5
ThymolSeed5
2-UndecanoneSeed5
Menthyl acetateSeed5
n-TridecaneSeed5
UndecanalSeed5
Isomenthyl acetateSeed5
Methyl geranateSeed5
Myrtenyl acetateSeed5
Heptanoic acid,2-methylbutyl esterSeed5
cis-Carvyl acetateSeed5
CyclosativeneSeed5
alpha-CopaeneSeed5
beta-BourboneneSeed5
beta-CubebeneSeed5
beta-ElemeneSeed5
SativeneSeed5
n-TetradecaneSeed5
DodecanalSeed5
beta-GurjuneneSeed5
cis-thujopseneSeed5
trans-alpha-bergamoteneSeed5
cis-muurola-3,5-dieneSeed5
alpha-HumuleneSeed5
Neryl propanoateSeed5
Cis-muurola-4(14),5-dieneSeed5
gamma-MuuroleneSeed5
Germacrene DSeed5
beta-SelineneSeed5
ValenceneSeed5
BicyclogermacreneSeed5
n-PentadecaneSeed5
alpha-CadineneSeed5
SpathulenolSeed5
Caryophyllene oxideSeed5
n-HexadecaneSeed5
Humulene epoxide IISeed5
TetradecanalSeed5
1-Epi-cubenolSeed5
BenzophenoneSeed5
Epi-alpha-muurololSeed5
CubenolSeed5
Selin-11-en-4-alpha-olSeed5
alpha-CadinolSeed5
n-HeptadecaneSeed5
alpha-Bisabolol oxide ASeed5
(E)-NuciferolSeed5
1-NonadeceneSeed5
Epi-alpha-bisabololSeed5
1-AcetylcarbolineSeed3

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Aerial
Aqueous Ethanol Antidiabetic 9
Leaf
Hydroalcohol Antimicrobial 6
Methanol Antimicrobial 7
Leaf; Seed
Ethanol Colon Cancer 6
Ethanol Lung Cancer 6
Ethanol Retinoblastoma 6
Seed
Oil Antifungal 8
Ethanol CNS Depressant 10

References

  • 1 Cravo, L., Perineau, F., Gaset, A. and Bessiere, J. (1992) Study of the chemical composition of the essential oil, oleoresin and its volatile product obtained from ambrette (Abelmoschus moschatus Moench) seeds. Flavour and fragrance journal, 7, 65-67.
  • 2 Liu, I.-M., Liou, S.-S., Lan, T.-W., Hsu, F.-L. and Cheng, J.-T. (2005) Myricetin as the active principle of Abelmoschus moschatus to lower plasma glucose in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Planta Medica, 71, 617-621.
  • 3 Du, Z., Clery, R.A. and Hammond, C.J. (2008) Volatile organic nitrogen-containing constituents in ambrette seed Abelmoschus moschatus Medik (Malvaceae). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 56, 7388-7392.
  • 4 Onakpa, M. (2013) Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological profile of genus Abelmoschus. Phytopharmacology, 4, 648-663.
  • 5 Molfetta, I., Ceccarini, L., Macchia, M., Flamini, G. and Cioni, P.L. (2013) Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. and Abelmoschus moschatus Medik: Seeds production and analysis of the volatile compounds. Food chemistry, 141, 34-40.
  • 6 Gul, M.Z., Bhakshu, L.M., Ahmad, F., Kondapi, A.K., Qureshi, I.A. and Ghazi, I.A. (2011) Evaluation of Abelmoschus moschatus extracts for antioxidant, free radical scavenging, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities using in vitro assays. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 11, 64.
  • 7 Maheshwari, P. and Kumar, A. (2009) Antimicrobial activity of Abelmoschus moschatus leaf extracts. Curr Trends Biotechnol Pharm, 3, 260-266.
  • 8 Dwivedy, A., Kumar, M., Kedia, A., Mishra, P., Chanotiya, C. and Dubey, N. (2017) Assessment of chemically characterised Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. seed essential oil as shelf life enhancer of herbal raw materials based on antifungal, antiaflatoxigenic and antioxidant efficacy. Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151, 139-147.
  • 9 Liu, I.M., Tzeng, T.F. and Liou, S.S. (2010) Abelmoschus moschatus (Malvaceae), an aromatic plant, suitable for medical or food uses to improve insulin sensitivity. Phytotherapy research, 24, 233-239.
  • 10 Giri, M., Vivek, J. and Mahati, K. (2016) A Review on CNS Effects of Abelmoschus moschatus. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 15, 1-5.
  • 11 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 12 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.