Zanthoxylum budrunga (Roxb.) DC., Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) Alston.
Bazinali, Kantahorina, Tambol, Badrang; Bazna (Chittagong, Dhaka); Bajrang (Sylhet).
Zanthoxylum rhetsa is found in Sylhet, Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Gazipur and Tangail.
Botanical Description 13
Zanthoxylum rhetsa is Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark 15-20 mm thick, brown, mottled with white, armed with conical prickles; outer bark dead, corky, pale yellow, inner bark sulphur yellow; branch
Common Ethnobotanical Use 14
The peel of the fruits, the seeds, the bark of the stems and roots as well as the oil (mullillam-oil), extracted from the fruits, are used for medicinal purposes. A decoction of the bark is taken internally as a cure for pains in the chest. The bark is pounded and mixed with oil then used externally as a remedy for stomach pains. When chewed it is applied to snakebites. The fruits are aromatic, astringent, stimulant, and stomachic. They are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, asthma and bronchitis, heart troubles, toothache and rheumatism. The skin of the fruit is credited with astringent, stimulant and digestive properties. An oil obtained by steam distillation is used as a traditional remedy for cholera. It is further applied as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The report does not say which part of the plant yields this essential oil, but it is likely to be the fruit.
- 1 Ahsan, M., Zaman, T.A., Hasan, C.M., Ito, C. and Islam, S.N. (2000) Constituents and cytotoxicity of Zanthoxylum rhesta stem bark. Fitoterapia, 71, 697-700.
- 2 THELWELL, R.C. and MAYNARD, I. (2005) GC-MS analysis of ethanolic extract of Zanthoxylum rhetsa (roxb.) dc spines. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94, 228-234.
- 3 Rana, V. and Blazquez, M.A. (2010) Volatile Constituents of the Seed Coat of Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 22, 430-432.
- 4 Santhanam, R.K., Ahmad, S., Abas, F., Safinar Ismail, I., Rukayadi, Y., Tayyab Akhtar, M. and Shaari, K. (2016) Bioactive constituents of Zanthoxylum rhetsa bark and its cytotoxic potential against B16-F10 melanoma cancer and normal human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cell lines. Molecules, 21, 652.
- 5 Jirovetz, L., Buchbauer, G., Shafi, M. and Saidutty, A. (1998) Analysis of the aroma compounds of the essential oil of seeds of the spice plant Zanthoxylum rhetsa from southern India. Zeitschrift für Lebensmitteluntersuchung und-Forschung A, 206, 228-229.
- 6 Tangjitjaroenkun, J., Chantarasriwong, O. and Chavasiri, W. (2012) Chemical constituents of the stems of Zanthoxylum limonella Alston. Phytochemistry Letters, 5, 443-445.
- 7 Charoenying, P., Teerarak, M. and Laosinwattana, C. (2010) An allelopathic substance isolated from Zanthoxylum limonella Alston fruit. Scientia horticulturae, 125, 411-416.
- 8 Joshi, B.S., Moore, K.M., Pelletier, S.W. and Puar, M.S. (1991) Alkaloids of zanthoxylum budrunga wall.: NMR assignments of dihydrochelerythrine,(±)‐evodiamine and zanthobungeanine. Phytochemical analysis, 2, 20-25.
- 9 Islam, M., Biswas, N.N., Saha, S., Hossain, H., Jahan, I.A., Khan, T.A., Awang, K. and Shilpi, J.A.J.T.S.W.J. (2014) Antinociceptive and antioxidant activity of Zanthoxylum budrunga wall (rutaceae) seeds. 2014.
- 10 Rahman, M., Alimuzzaman, M., Ahmad, S. and Chowdhury, A.A.J.F. (2002) Antinociceptive and antidiarrhoeal activity of Zanthoxylum rhetsa. 73, 340-342.
- 11 Tantapakul, C., Phakhodee, W., Ritthiwigrom, T., Yossathera, K., Deachathai, S. and Laphookhieo, S.J.A.o.p.r. (2012) Antibacterial compounds from Zanthoxylum rhetsa. 35, 1139-1142.
- 12 Sreelekha, M., Anto, N., Anto, R. and Shafi, P. (2014) Cytotoxicity of 6-acetonyldihydro-chelerythrin, arnottianamide and 6-(2-hydoxypropyl)-dihydrochelerythrine towards human cancer cell lines.
- 13 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 14 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.