Sesamum indicum L.

Family: Pedaliaceae


Sesamum orientale L

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Til(Bengali), Kala Til(Bengali), Gaishya(Tanchangya), Sesame(English), Gingelly(English)

Local Availability

Cultivated in many districts including Chittagong Hill Tracts

Worldwide Availability

Botanical Description 26

An erect annual Pubescent herb up to 1m high. Leaves 7.5-12.5cm long, simple and of various shape from ovate to linear. Flowers purple or whitish with purple or yellow marks, drooping, 2.5-3.2cm long,

Common Ethnobotanical Use 27

Seeds are tonic, laxative, emollient, demulcent, diuretic, nourishing, galactagogue, emmenagogue and aphrodisiac; removes constipation, thus helpful in piles. Powdered seeds are used in applied to burns and scald. Oil is widely used in pharmaceutical products; believed to promote the growth of hair. Infusion of the leaves is much used as a demulcent, also given as a remedy for disease of the respiratory tract. Every part of the plant is used as a diuretic in Cambodia. In Madagascar, every part of the plant is considered emollient and laxative.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Hexadecanoic acidSeed1, 2, 10
Linoleic acidSeed1, 2, 10
Octadecanoic acidSeed1, 2, 10
Lignoceric acidSeed1, 2, 10
Linolenic acidSeed1, 2, 10
Oleic acidSeed1, 2, 10
Arachidic AcidSeed2
(+)-SesaminPerisperm; Seed9, 11
Behenic acidSeed10
ActeosideWhole Plant12
Caproic acidSeed1, 2, 10
4-Methoxy PhenolSeed8
MatairesinolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
Cistanoside FWhole Plant12
ChlorosesamoneRoot4, 3
Anthrasesamone ARoot5
Anthrasesamone BRoot5
Anthrasesamone CRoot5
2-(4-Methylpent-3-enyl)anthraquinoneRoot5, 7
Anthrasesamone DRoot6
Anthrasesamone ERoot6
Anthrasesamone FRoot; Seed7, 13
(+)-SaminolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-SesaminolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-PiperitolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-EpisesaminonePerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-AcuminatinPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-PinoresinolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-LariciresinolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
Decaffeoyl-acteosideWhole Plant12
Campneoside IWhole Plant12
Campneoside IIWhole Plant12
Soya-cerebroside II15
(-)-SesamolactolPerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-Pinoresinol glucosidePerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-Episesaminone-9-O-beta-D-sophorosidePerisperm; Seed9, 11
(+)-Episesaminol-6-catecholPerisperm; Seed9, 11

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Ethanol; Methanol; Aqueous  Antibacterial 20
Hexane Antiulcerant 24
N/A Leukemia 16
Hot Water; Ethanol Antidiabetic 17,18
Ethanol Hepatoprotective 19
N/A Wound Healing 21
N/A Antihyperlipidemic 22
N/A Antiinflammatory 23
N/A Antinociceptive 23
N/A Antiulcerant 25


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