Scoparia dulcia L

Family: Plantaginaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Bandhane(Bengali), Misridana(Bengali), Chinigura(Bengali), Madhumisti(Bengali), Du-jhanga(Tribal), Jhumbaong(Tribal), Chambang(Marma), Midareissa(Chakma), Sweet broomweed(English)

Local Availability

Throught the country in fallow lands.

Worldwide Availability

Botanical Description 36

An erect much-branched herb with 3-nately whorled, glandular, serrate leaves, 1.3-3.8cm long, rhomboid or elliptic with tapering base. Flowers 3-6 from each whorl on slender 8-13mm long pedicels. Coro

Common Ethnobotanical Use 37

The plant is used in diabetes and to stop bleeding. An infusion of the leaves is used in fever, ague, cough, bronchitis, and as a gargle for toothache; hot infusion is diuretics and cold infusion is used against gravel and kidney complaints. Infusion of the roots, leaves, tops is useful in Diarrhea and Dysentery. Root successfully used against Diphtheria. As a traditional medicine, S. dulcis has been used for diabetes in India and hypertension in Taiwan. In Brazil, it has been used for various problems such as hemorrhoids and wounds while it is used for sickle-cell disease in Nigeria.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
beta-sitosterolRoot15
4',5,7-Trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavoneAerial2
n-Hexacosan-1-olRoot15
LuteolinAerial; Whole Plant2, 16
Luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideWhole Plant16
trans-p-Coumaric acidWhole Plant16
D-MannitolRoot15
AcacetinLeaf and Twig7
VitexinWhole Plant16
ScutellareinAerial; Whole Plant2, 16
FriedelinWhole Plant4, 6
Betulinic acidWhole Plant; Aerial6, 2
ApigeninAerial; Whole Plant2, 16
alpha-AmyrinWhole Plant6
IsovitexinWhole Plant16
CoixolLeaf and Twig; Leaf; Stem; Root; Fruit7, 14, 15
Vicenin-2Whole Plant16
LinarinWhole Plant16
TritriacontaneRoot15
GlutinolLeaf and Twig; Whole Plant4, 7, 6
4-epi-Scopadulcic acid BAerial1, 2
DulcidiolAerial1
ScopanolalAerial1
DulcinolAerial; Whole Plant; Leaf and Twig; Callus and Shoot1, 3, 7, 19
ScopadiolAerial; Whole Plant1, 4, 5
Scoparic acid AWhole Plant; Aerial8, 9, 10, 5, 20
Scoparic acid BWhole Plant8, 9, 5
Scoparic acid CWhole Plant8, 9, 5
Scopadulcic acid AWhole Plant8, 5, 20, 11, 12
Scopadulcic acid BWhole Plant8, 10, 5, 20, 11, 13
6-Benzoyl-labda-8(17),13-diene-15,18-diolAerial10
ScopadulinWhole Plant10, 5, 21
Ifflaionic acidWhole Plant; Root6, 15
Dulcioic acidWhole Plant6
4-epi-7alpha-O-acetylscoparic acid AAerial2
7alpha-O-acetyl-8,17beta-epoxyscoparic acid AAerial2
Dillenetin 3-O-(6″-O-p-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial2
(7S)-4-epi-7-hydroxyscoparic acid AAerial2
AcerosinAerial2
5,6,4'-Trihydroxyflavone 7-O-alpha-L-2,3-di-O-acetylrhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial17
Apigenin 7-O-alpha-L-3-O-acetylrhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial17
Apigenin 7-O-alpha-L-2,3-di-O-acetylrhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial17
Eugenyl beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial17
5,7,8,3’,4’,5’-Hexahydroxyflavone 7-0-beta-D-glucuronideWhole Plant16
ScutellarinWhole Plant16
Scutellarin methylesterWhole Plant16
ScoparinolWhole Plant3
iso-DulcinolAerial1
DulcinodalAerial18
DulcinodiolAerial18
Scopadiol decanoateAerial18
7alpha-Hydroxyscopadiol Aerial2
neo-DulcinolAerial2
Dulcinodal-13-oneAerial2
4-epi-7alpha-Hydroxydulcinodal-13-oneAerial2

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Aerial
Aqueous Prostate Cancer 22
Acetone; Methanol; Ethanol; Petroleum Ether Antidiabetic 28
Aqueous Antiulcerant 34
Leaf
Aqueous Antidiabetic 27
Leaf; Root
Aqueous; Ethanol Antiinflammatory 32
Whole Plant
Aqueous Antidiabetic 23,24,25,26
Aqueous Antihyperlipidemic 29
Ethanol Antiviral 30
Ethanol Analgesic 31
Ethanol Antiinflammatory 33
Ethanol Sedative and Hypnotic 35

References

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