Rosa damascena

Family: Rosaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Gole Mohammadi (Iran), Damask rose (English),

Local Availability

Cultivated as ornamental plant

Worldwide Availability

France and India also contribute significantly to the world market. Morocco, Tunisia, and some other Middle Eastern nations also historically produced it, but their modern contribution is negligible

Botanical Description 24

The Damask rose is a fugacious shrub growing to 2.2 meters (7 Ft 3 in) tall, the stems densely armed with curved prickles, stout and stiff bristles. It is considered an important type of Old Rose, and

Common Ethnobotanical Use 25

The most therapeutic effects of R. damascena in ancient medicine are including treatment of strengthening the heart, abdominal and chest pain, treatment of menstrual bleeding and digestive problems, and reduction of inflammation, especially of the neck.Rose oil heals grief,depression, nervous stress and tension. This plant is also used as a gentle laxative. Vapor therapy of rose oil is helpful for headaches,some allergies and migraine.It helps in the healing old cough, reduction of thirst, special complaints of women, wound healing, and skin health.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosidePetal1
BenzaldehydePetal3, 6, 12
2-PentylfuranPetal6
Limonene14
1,8-CineolePetal6
LinaloolPetal; Flower1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14
NonanalPetal6, 12
alpha-TerpineolFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 14
CitronellolPetal; Flower3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14
NeralPetal3, 6, 7, 12
EugenolPetal; Flower1, 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, 14
beta-Caryophyllene Flower; Petal4, 7, 12, 15
OctadecanePetal1, 6, 12
NonadecaneFlower; Petal4, 6, 9, 11, 12, 13
Dibutyl phthalate11
EicosanePetal; Flower1, 6, 9, 12, 13
HeneicosanePetal; Flower6, 9, 12, 13
DocosaneFlower; Petal4, 6, 9, 11, 12
TricosanePetal; Flower1, 6, 9, 12, 13
TetracosanePetal12
PentacosanePetal1, 12
(2E,6E)-FarnesolPetal; Flower3, 4, 6, 11, 12, 13, 15
MyricetinFlower17
delta-CadinenePetal12
SabineneFlower; Petal4, 6, 15
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-onePetal6
Benzyl alcoholPetal3, 11
gamma-TerpinenePetal6, 11, 14
4-TerpineolFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 12, 14
Methyl salicylatePetal3
GeraniolPetal; Flower1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14
Linalool acetatePetal1, 12
Thymol11
n-TridecanePetal9
Methyl geranatePetal12
beta-BourboneneFlower4
beta-CubebeneFlower15
beta-ElemeneFlower; Petal4, 12, 15
alpha-HumuleneFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 12, 15
gamma-MuurolenePetal6
Germacrene DPetal; Flower7, 12
beta-SelinenePetal12, 15
n-PentadecanePetal; Flower6, 7, 12
alpha-CadineneFlower4
Caryophyllene oxidePetal12
n-HexadecanePetal6, 12
n-HeptadecanePetal; Flower1, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12
1-NonadecenePetal; Flower1, 6, 12, 13
Gallic-acidFlower; Leaf5, 17
n-Hexadecan-1-olFlower7
SqualeneFlower15
QuercetinFlower5, 17
Caryophyllene11
trans-p-Coumaric acidLeaf5
Benzoic acidPetal3
(+)-CatechinLeaf5
(-)-EpicatecholFlower; Leaf5
RutinFlower17
KaempferolFlower17
Caffeic acidLeaf5
NicotiflorinFlower17
ChlorogenateLeaf5
QuercitrinFlower17
beta-PineneFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 12
alpha-PineneFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 14, 15
MethyleugenolFlower; Petal4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14
OcimenePetal6, 12
NerolPetal; Flower1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14
cis-NerolidolPetal6
AcetonePetal6
MyrcenePetal; Flower1, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 15
2-HexenalPetal6
p-CymenePetal6, 12
TerpinolenePetal6, 12, 14
(Z)-3-Hexenyl acetateFlower8
(Z)-3-HexenolPetal3, 6
(Z)-beta-FarnesenePetal12
cis-beta-OcimenePetal6, 14
n-HexatriacontanePetal1
delta-ElemenePetal12
alpha-GuaienePetal; Flower6, 7, 12, 15
alpha-SelinenePetal12
Benzyl benzoatePetal3
HeptacosanePetal1
alpha-Phellandrene14
Carvacrol11
alpha-TerpinenePetal6, 12, 14
Myristicine11
Beta-CaroteneFlower16
Ferulic acidLeaf5
trans-IsoeugenolPetal3
Syringic acidFlower5
Pentan-1-olPetal6
Eicos-1-enePetal12
ZeaxanthinFlower16
CitronellalPetal6, 12
Geranyl acetatePetal; Flower1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 13, 15
GeranialPetal3, 6, 7, 9, 12
Neryl acetatePetal12
Eugenyle acetate11
m-Cymene11
Citronellyl acetatePetal3, 6, 9, 12
OctanalPetal3
HeptanalPetal3, 6
Nonane11
beta-Thujene14
3,7-Dimethylocta-1,7-dien-3,6-diolFlower10
1-TridecanolPetal9
(E)-3-Hexen-1-olPetal6
n-TetradecanolPetal12
(E)-beta-DamasconeFlower4
(E)-beta-lononeFlower4
beta-CopaenePetal12
Geranyl formatePetal12
Curzerene11
2,6-dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-1,8-diolFlower10
10-epi-gamma-EudesmolPetal12
2-Phenylethyl alcoholPetal; Flower1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 12, 13
alpha-BulnesenePetal6, 12
NeoxanthinFlower16
Geranyl propionatePetal12
Nerol oxidePetal12
Ethyl acetatePetal6
EthanolPetal6
1-ButanolPetal6
cis-rose oxideFlower; Petal4, 6
trans-rose oxideFlower; Petal4, 6, 9
Methyl benzyl etherPetal6
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-olPetal6
Isobutanol Petal6
2-Phenylethyl acetatePetal; Flower6, 13
(Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-3,6-octadien-1-ol14
Tetrahydro-4-methyl-2-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-2H-pyranPetal; Flower1, 4, 12
Butan-2-olPetal6
Pentan-2-olPetal6
PentanalPetal6
Citronellyl formatePetal6, 9, 12
IsomenthonePetal12
n-HeptadecenePetal6
2-MethylphenolFlower7
Kaempferol-3-O-arabinosidePetal1
Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnosidePetal; Flower1, 17
9-EicoseneFlower4, 6
2-Propen-1-olPetal6
(E)-5-EicosenePetal6
(S)-3,7-Dimethyl-5-octene-1,7-diolFlower10
3,7-Dimethyl-7-octene-1,6-diol Flower10
(2E,5E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,5-octadiene-1,7-diolFlower10
(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,7-octadiene-1,6-diolFlower10
(2Z,5E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,5-octadiene-1,7-diolFlower10
(2Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,7-octadiene-1,6-diol Flower10
(Z)-2,6-Dimethyl-2-octene-1,8-diolFlower10
(E)-2,6-Dimethyl-2-octene-1,8-diolFlower10
(Z)-2,6-Dimethyl-2,7-octadiene-1,6-diolFlower10
(E)-2,6-Dimethyl-2,7-octadiene-1,6-diolFlower10
(2E,6Z)-2,6-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-1,8-diol Flower10
2,6-Dimethyloctane-1,8-diolFlower10
2,6-Dimethyl-7-octene-1,6-diolFlower10
(E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2-octene-1,8-diolFlower10
(Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-2-octene-1,8-diolFlower10
3,7-Dimethyloctane-1,7-diolFlower10
2,6-Dimethyl-7-octene-2,6-diolFlower10
3,7-Dimethyl-6-octene-1,3-diolFlower10
(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-1,4-diol Flower10
Citronellyl butyratePetal12
Benzene methanol14
(-)-beta-PineneFlower15
beta-Terpinyl acetateFlower15

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Flower
Hydroalcohol Anticonvulsant 21
Petal
Oil Antibacterial 18
Water; Hexane; Ethanol Antibacterial 19
Water; Hexane; Ethanol Antifungal 19
Oil Anticonvulsant 20
Hydroalcohol; Oil Analgesic 22
Aqueous Lung Cancer 23

References

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